31 July, 2006

Hindi Computing : Tools and Techniques (31_07_2006)


Tools and Techniques for Hindi Computing





यह पृष्ठ अब यहाँ अद्यतन नही किया जाएगा ; हिंदी कम्प्यूटिंग से सम्बन्धित अद्यतन जानकारी के लिये यहाँ चलें।






यूनिनागरी : बिना ताम-झाम का देवनागरी टाइपराइटर

यूनिस्क्रिप्ट : Based on Inscript Keyboard

Hindi Unicode Editor (HUG-2)

हिन्दी संपादक तथा वर्तनी जाँचकर्ता

Hindi Keyboard ( Chhahari)

Gopi's Phonetic Roman to Unicode Hindi Converter

Indian Language Converter

शिवालय हिन्दी लेखनी (UTF-8 Hindi Typerwriter)

अंकित जैन का आनलाइन यूनिकोड संपादक

Devanagari Generator

Girish Dalvi's D-Board and Sandbox

Hindi_Write from Angelfire

Transliterate to Hindi/Sanskrit

DiacWin Unicode - Keyboard Filter for Windows

WriteKA : a Roman to Hindi transliteration tool

Get2Home.com - Hindi : Hindi free text, Hindi email, Hindi search





Download for Offline Use

Baraha : free Indian languages editor

Hindi Unicode Editor (HUG-2)

यूनिकोड देवनागरी सम्पादित्र

छहारी देवनागरी टाईपराइटर

तख्ती : यूनिकोड हिन्दी सम्पादक

Aksharmaalaa

Maadhyam Devanagari Editor

HindiWriter - by Devendra Parakh

Akshar for Windows ( editor )

HindiTrans 2.0 (editor)

Ankit Jain's Hindi Editor with many keybords

Itranslator 2003 from Omkaranand Ashram

IWrite32 - A utility to write documents in Indian fonts

Hindi Indic IME Version 5.0 for Office 2003

MS Office 2003 Hindi : Information

Indian Scripts Input System (ISIS) - Unicode based, Supports many scripts

Yudit : a free Unicode editor for Devanagari and many other scripts

KICKKEYS : Hindi and other languages authoring tool






Hindi Word-Processing

सलेटी : सर्वसुविधासम्पन्न, आनलाइन, देवनागरी- समर्थ (WYSWYG)

MS Office 2003 Hindi : Information

KICKKEYS Hindi and other language authoring tool

LEAP Office 2000 (Complete Indian Language Software)

ISM Office (Gets existing packages to work in Indian languages)

Lism (Linux based application for Indian languages)

iLEAP (Intelligent, Internet ready, Indian LanguageWordprocessor)

CHITRANKAN (Documentation made easy, Digitally)

ISM Publisher (Cost effective solution for Indian language publishing)

Apex Language Processor (Character based Wordprocessor)

ALP-PersonalApe
The Apex Language Processor is an Indian language Word-Processor on DOS. This is a free version of the full software – ALP.

Download H-Word : Hindi word processor ver 2.0



Devanagari Fonts

How to install fonts ?

Devanagari Unicode Fonts for Windows

Gallery of Devanaagarii Unicode Fonts

Devanaagarii Font Complete Guide

Alan Wood's utilities for Unicode and Multilingual File Conversion, Font and Keyboard for Windows



Font Converters

Legacy --> Unicode, from Janabhaarati (Online)

Shusha, Jagaran, Nai Duniya, Sahara, Bhaskar Fonts ---> Unicode (Online)

Shusha To Unicode Converter

Devanagari Font Conversion : FontSuvidha 5.0

जब कोई चारा न हो, हिन्दी लिखने के लिये प्रयोग करें : iTrans

iTrans to Devanagari Converter (Online)

iTrans to Devanagari Converter (free download)

Rupaantar : Universal Converter of Hindi files from IITK

Font Convertion among major Hindi Fonts from LTRC, IIIT (online)

Font Converters from LTRC, IIIT (for download)
Font converter allows you to do the following: If you have texts which
are font specific, you can convert them to ISCII (standard character
coding scheme) or to another font (14 fonts).

ISCII Plug-in for viewing texts in Devanagari fonts provided by CADC

Indian Dynamic Fonts

Devanagari (Hindi) Fonts: Complete Guide

TBIL Data Converter : Transliteration between data in font/ASCII/Roman format in Office documents into a Unicode form in any of 7 Microsoft-supported Indian languages

naamabhaaratii : Name transliteration program

हिन्दी छविया : Online Hindi to Image Converter (png)

Convert Devanagari Text and Images into PDF (Online, by Janabhaarati)

PdfCreater : Open Source, light Software for Creating PDF files






Script Converters

गिरगिट : भारतीय लिपियों का परस्पर परिवर्तन का औजार (Online)

Anusaarakas
Anusaaraka is a computer software which renders text from one Indian language into another.

Girish Dalvi's Transliterator from Devanagari to major Indian Scripts

Hindi Unicode to Tamil Unicode Converter

Online Interface to Itrans : to generate documents in different Indian Scripts

Hindi to Urdu Transliterator





Hindi Computing in MS Windows

Bhasha India Homepage

Windows Indic Script Support information

How to enable Hindi support at OS level in Windows?

Use the Indic IME to type (input) Hindi

इंडिक आई एम ई की मदद से हिंदी टाइप कीजिए

Download Hindi IME

Download Windows XP LIP (Hindi) if you want Hindi interface for Windows XP

Installing The Windows XP Hindi Language Interface Pack

Download Office 2003 LIP (Hindi) if you want Hindi interface for MS Office 2003

ऑफ़िस हिंदी : माइक्रोसॉफ़्ट की नई सौगात

Sorting in Hindi with MS Exel and MS Word






Dictionaries

कुशिनारा शब्दकोष अल्फा : on-the-fly Hindi meaning of English terms on a webpage

Shabdakosh dot com : Eng -->Hindi (online)

Word AnyWhere : Hindi <--> English ; iTrans based

हिन्दी कोष एवं भाषान्तर ( Hindi Kosh & Bhashantar) : Hindi -->English

Hindi WordNet (हिन्दी शब्दतंत्र) - A Lexical database for Hindi ( Hindi<-->Hindi)

Universal Word : English<-->Hindi (based on UNL), for Machine Translation

हिन्दी --> हिन्दी विक्षनरी

Aksharmala English to Hindi Dictionary

Hindi German Dictionary

Urdu - Hindi Shabdkosh-1

Urdu - Hindi Shabdkosh-2

Eng -->Hin Dictionary (IIIT)

Unicode Eng-Hindi Dictionary

अंग्रेज़ी हिन्दी शब्दकोष पी॰डी॰ऍफ़॰ प्रारूप में

Similar sounding Hindi words

Many Dictionaries at Anukriti dot net

English-Hindi Dictionary from IIIT (download)

Shabdanjali English-->Hindi dictionary (online)

'Shabdanjali' English-Hindi E-Dictionary

'Shabdanjali' English-Hindi utf Source files

Multilingual Open-mind word expert
खेल खेलो और दुनिया बदलो!

Online Dictionaries - Hindi Dictionaries

English --> Hindi dictionary with pronounciations ( vanasthali Vidyapeeth )

A dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, and English (online)

Shabdnidhi : English-->Hindi, with word usage (online)






Talking Dictionary

LingvoSoft Talking Dictionary 2006 , English <-> Hindi , for Windows







Sanskrit and other Indian language Dictionaries

Apte Sanskrit Dictionary Search (transliteration based)

Bharatiya Bhasha Kosh : common platform for 14 Indian languages

Marathi-Hindi Dictionary

Kannada-Hindi Dictionary

Telugu-Hindi Dictionary

Punjabi-Hindi Dictionary

Calita Bengali-Hindi Dictionary

Dishi Bengali-Hindi Dictionary






Cultural and other Dictionaries

आध्यात्मिक शब्दावली ( SWARGAAROHAN )

Glossary of Hindu cultural words

English --> Hindi glossary of food items from Diabetes India

Mamata's Kitchen Glossary ( Hindi <--> English)

The Recipe Master Glossary

Bawarchi Glossary






Hindi Thesauri






Hindi Corpora

Hindi Morphological Tagger of Vasu Ranganathan

Hindi/Marathi/Telugu Morphological Analyser from LTRC IIIT (online)

Morphological Analysers (for download)
Morphological analyser allows you to get the analysis(The analysis
gives the root and other features such as gender, number, tense etc.)
of the word.

Search Hindi Corpus (online) from IITB

Indian Corpora

Hindi Corpus

Most Frequent Words In Indian Languages

Frequency of Words for Hindi





Hindi Lexical Databases and tools

Indo WordNet Online : A Lexical Database for Hindi

'SabdaSutra' from LTRC, IIIT (online)







English to Hindi Translation Softwares

MANTRA : Machine Assisted Translation

अंग्रेजी से हिन्दी अनुवाद सहाय्य सिस्टम (online)

Translation Support System(English-Hindi) from CDAC, Noida

Shakti Hindi (online experimental)

Download Anusaarakas (Marathi/ Telugu/ Kannada/ Panjabi <---> Hindi)
Anusaaraka is a computer software which renders text from one Indian
language into another.

Entrans
Entrans is an online "translation" tool. The tool can be used by the online community to give suggestions for a list of English words/phrases that needs to be translated into a specific Indic Language.








Hindi to English Translation

PocketTran Translator Device

Statistical Machine Translation System (SMTS 4.0) from Language Weaver







Hindi Text to Speech ( TTS )

Two TTSs from IIIT Hyderabad and Prologix (Vaachak)

HIndi Text To Speech System from BLiSS ( Bolti Paati and others)

Dhwani TTS Prototype Online Demo (Java Version)

Vaachak : Info and Online Demo






Speech Recognition





Pen-based Handwriting





Hindi Optical Charecter Reading ( OCR )

Sansakrit OCR : SanskritReader

Hindi Optical charecter Reading







Hindi Glossaries

Download SHABDIKA from CDAC, Noida
Shabdika is a collection of glossaries of Audit, Accounting, banking, Administrative, IT Terminology Terms. This software gives the Hindi translation of all the terms of different areas.Shabdika has an easy user interface and includes following sections :






Hindi Technical Dictionaries

Glossary of Information Technology (IT)






Hindi Spell-checkers

हिन्दी संपादक तथा वर्तनी जाँचकर्ता





Hindi Grammer Checkers





Sorting Softwares

Krama






Hindi Programming System

हिन्दवी : Programming System for Indian Languages

MBasic ver 5.5 : Program to develop programs in Marathi Language






Popular Softwares available with Hindi Interface

Linux

Bharatiya OpenOffice

Mozila Firefox Internet Brouser

Opera web-browser

Indic Joomla : Open Source Content-mamagement System

Gmail

LiveJournal

WorldPress

Oracle 9.x

Windows XP with help of Windows XP LIP ( Hindi )

MS Office 2003 with help of Office 2003 LIP ( Hindi )







Hindi Learning tools

Web-LILA (Enabling Language Learning through Web)

LILA (Learn Indian Language through Artificial Intelligence)

The Hindi Corner



Devanagari Learning Tools

Accha - a very good Devanagari learning free software






Hindi Mail

Corrupted Hindi E-mail Repair Tool for reconverting corrupted Unicode Hindi.

Another Corrupted Unicoded email Repair Tool

Sending and Receiving E-Mail in Hindi under Windows : An Overview

Multilingual Browsers & Email Clients

Web Dunia Mail : ePatra

Rediffmail : supports Hindi and other Indian languages ( inbuilt editors)

LEAP Mail (eMail in Indian Languages)

Mailing System for Indian Languages (from IITB)

Girish Dalvi's Unicode-Devanagari mailing tool (online)

Hind 2000 client for Hindi, English, Gujarati email

Send Hindi Email using online keyboard --> no software needed by the receiver





Mobile Computing

Indic Input for Mobile devices: Frequently Asked Questions[PDF]

Hindi User Interface : Nokia 3210

Saral Mobile sandesh (SMS) : Nokia 1100, 1108, 2300

Use of MT and TTS for Hindi Mobile Services-Introduction

मोबाइल वेब सामग्री




Hindi SMS

Fun_Tooz_dot_Com

Send SMS in Hindi Unicode fron Fun-On-Phone

Multi-Language or Unicode SMS

Bulk SMS Service from Times_SMS_dot_com

Unicoded Hindi SMS from SMS_Warehouse

Unicode Hindi SMS from Its4SMS

TextMeFree - Your Free International SMS Guide







Hindi Search Engines

Raftaar_dot_com : searches Unicoded Hindi plus Hindi in Legacy fonts

Girish Dalvi's Search tool using Yahoo and Google engines

Google : seaches Unicoded Hindi only

Web Dunia Khoj : searches within WEBDunia site

Search at "Apana Guide" : transliteration based interface for inputting Hindi text available here

Get2Home.com - Hindi : Inscript keyboard interface for text input







Hindi Abstraction tools

Anveshak (Natural Language Based Information Retrieval System)

Saaraanshak (Natural Language based Summarizer)







Hindi Localisation Tools







Misc

LIPS (Indian Language Subtitling Solution)

LIPS Pro ( Language Subtitling Solution)

C-Vyasa (Sanskrit Authoring tool)

Bhagavadgita Reader

DESIKA (Natural Language Understanding System for Sanskrit)

GIST Card (Solution for Indian languages on DOS)

GISTOra Tools
(Server side database application development tool for the development and implementation of Indian Language enabled applications)

Document on ISCIIThis is an extract from the document on Indian Standard Code for Information Interchange.

GIST-SDK
The windows based application development kit for Indian languages is available for you to evaluate.

iplugin
This is an Indian language Web application development tool for interactive applications which achieves browser independence for MS Windows based clients.

ISM Import
ISM Import is a utility that converts data from other font formats into ISFOC format.

LISM Linux based application for Indian languages

Hindi Vishwa_Kosh (Encyclopedia)

nScript from nCore : a complete multilingual software plug-in toolkit for embedded devices.

Acrobat Reader 7.0.5 Hindi Distribution (download)

Many Indian Languages Softwares from Lingua ( for purchase)







Plug-ins and Extensions

Windows XP LIP ( Hindi) : changes your XP user interface completely into Hindi

मॉज़िल्ला-फ़ॉयरफ़ॉक्स ब्राउज़र का एक नया एक्सटेंशन "पद्मा" : Displays unicoded Hindi and many non-unicoded sites without need to download fonts.

Mozila Text Alignment Fix (by Shravanan)








Known Problems , remedies and recommendations

1) Unicoded Hindi mail sent from Yahoo mail gets corrupted.

2) Mozila Firefox brouser displays "chhotee i kee matraa" after the consonent, and not before the consonent as it should be.

3)







Essays and Articles on Tools and Techniques

What is Indic Computing ?

Indian Language Tecnology (ILT) VISION 2010 (pdf)

Web Internationalization in the context of Indian Languages

आइए, इनस्क्रिप्ट सीखें">आइए, इनस्क्रिप्ट (InScript) सीखें

An Introduction to Writing Systems : A review of script characteristics affecting computer-based script support and Unicode

Why India is struggling with localized language computing

IBM's Glossary of Unicode Terms

Creating Hindi Web Pages

यूनिकोड क्या है?

What is Unicode?

Unicode Enabled Products ( softwares)

The Unicode Charecter codes for Devanagari

Survey of the State of the Art in Human Language Technology (pdf)

Language Technology : a fast overview, by Hans Uszkoreit

Penn State University's Role in Facilitating International (multilingual) Computing

Guide to Localization(CDAC)










Indic and General Computing References

देवनागरी : everything about using Devanagari on computers

Sarvagya : Hindi Ka Sahakaarii Gyaankosh

Unicode Home Page

SIL International Home

Linguistics Computing Resources on the Internet from SIL

South Asia Language Resorce Centre

References Material for Multilingual Computing at CET

World Wide Web (W3C) Consortium

W3C Mobile Web Initiative (MWI)

CDAC

IITK






Do you know ?

Gmail supports Hindi Unicode in subject also.












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28 comments:

रवि रतलामी said...

धन्यवाद.

हिन्दी का इससे परिपूर्ण , उपयोगी संग्रह संभवतः मेरी नजर में नहीं आया.

इसी तरह इसे लगातार समयानुसार, और प्रतिमाह के अंत में अवश्य ही अपडेट करते रहें तो अति उत्तम.

रवि

रवि रतलामी said...

इस लेख की कड़ी साइडबार में भी अलग से दे दें तो अच्छा. फिर यह हमेशा, हर पृष्ठ पर दिखाई देता रहेगा और उपयोक्ताओं को आसानी रहेगी.

उन्मुक्त said...

मैं रवी जी की बात का समर्थन करता हूं

Anil Sinha said...

बहुत ही जानकारी है आपके लेख में, इससे मुझे अपना ब्‍लाग बनाने में काफी मदद मिली। मेरे नए स्‍थल पर आप आमंत्रित हैं - मुझे खुशी होगी आपके सुझावों को जानकर।

अनिल सिन्‍हा

S said...

Too good collection! Thanks a lot!

Udai said...

इंटरनेट पे हिन्दी सम्बन्दित वेबसाइट्स, हिन्दी खोज, हिदी डिक्षनरी आदि के लिए www.hinkhoj.com काफ़ी अच्छी साइट हे.

Dharmendra Goyal said...

See also for Hindi Computing tips http://hindicomputingtips.blogspot.com
I think, it is also good a hindi webblog on net

see and comment on it

career said...

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Riya said...

Nice

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
introduction to internet and web technology mcq in hindi


what is fdma in hindi

नेटवर्क टोपोलॉजी क्या हैं और उसके कितने प्रकार हैं

OSI मॉडल क्या है?

नेटवर्क क्या है और नेटवर्क के प्रकार

डाटाबेस मैनेजमेंट सिस्टम क्या है

distributed database in hindi and types of distributed database in hindi

ASP Full Form in Hindi

माइक्रोसॉफ्ट आउटलुक

SQL क्या है?

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
IEEE Full Form in Hindi


What is TCP/IP in Hindi


रिलेशनल डाटाबेस मैनेजमेंट सिस्टम (RDBMS)


ऑपरेटिंग सिस्टम क्या है


evolution of computer in hindi


Introduction to Computers in Hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
generation of computer in hindi language


personal computer kya hai


सॉफ्टवेयर क्या होता हैं – What is Software in Hindi?


Programming Language क्या है और कितने प्रकार के हैं


हार्डवेयर क्या होता हैं – What is Hardware in Hindi?


कंप्यूटर के इनपुट डिवाइस । Computer ke input device


आउटपुट डिवाइस क्या हैं और इसके प्रकार


प्रिंटर क्या हैं और उसके प्रकार


प्लॉटर क्या हैं और उसके प्रकार


स्कैनर क्या है ? What is scanner

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
Cathode ray tube क्या हैं?(CRT)


कम्प्युटर कीबोर्ड क्या है 


प्रोग्राम क्या है? हिंदी में [What is Program? in Hindi]


computer introduction in hindi 


Windows XP क्या है  


common task in windows xp


सूचना प्रणाली के प्रकार


विंडोज विस्टा क्या होती है | विस्टा विंडोज किसे कहते है  

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
MS Word क्या है


माइक्रोसॉफ्ट वर्ड क्‍या है - What is MS Word in Hindi


Excel and worksheet in hindi : Excel और वर्कशीट


ms access क्या है : what is ms access in hindi


Spreadsheet Kya Hai? Worksheet Kya Hai?


management information system in hindi


workbook kya hai


MIS technology (in hindi) । प्रबंधन सूचना प्रणाली ( MIS) । mis meaning in hindi


various phases of system development in hindi । sdlc in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
foxpro commands in hindi


foxpro commands in hindi


foxpro in hindi


array in hindi


Recovery technique in dbms । रिकवरी। recovery in hindi


Operators in foxpro। फॉक्सप्रो । operators in hindi


access control matrix । matrix hindi । matrix meaning in hindi


data model in hindi


normalization in dbms in hindi


database administrator in hindi । DBA in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
file system vs dbms in hindi


Data Integrity in DBMS । DBMS Data Integrity in HINDI


E-R MODEL IN HINDI । ENTITY RELATIONSHIP MODEL । E-R DIAGRAM IN HINDI


Relational Algebra in hindi | Relational Algebra in dbms in hindi


conditional statement in hindi | conditional statement examples


Set operator | operator meaning in hindi


Oracle transaction | RDBMS in hindi - transaction


External sorting algorithm | External sorting in hindi


Data warehouse | डेटा वेयरहाउस


Data mining in hindi | डाटा माइनिंग क्या है?

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
Temporal Database


codd's rule in rdbms in hindi - रिलेशनल डेटाबेस मैनेजमेंट सिस्टम


Foxpro commands in hindi - foxpro in hindi


trigger in dbms : ट्रिगर


acid properties in dbms - computers in hindi


Query Optimization in hindi - computers in hindi


what is server in hindi ? : सर्वर


windows NT in hindi - computers in hindi


What is LAN Manager ?(in hindi)


database system structure in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
limitations of dbms in hindi


database system structure in hindi


data abstraction in hindi


ansi sparc architecture of dbms


Entity types in DBMS


relationship in dbms in hindi


degree of relationship in dbms in hindi


relational model in hindi


relational data structure in dbms


authorization in dbms in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
SQL commands in hindi


data security and integrity


trigger meaning in hindi


privileges in dbms


file organization in dbms in hindi


types of file organization in hindi


data dictionary in dbms in hindi


Database storage and data dictionary in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
foxpro commands in hindi


foxpro commands in hindi


foxpro in hindi


array in hindi


Recovery technique in dbms । रिकवरी। recovery in hindi


Operators in foxpro। फॉक्सप्रो । operators in hindi


access control matrix । matrix hindi । matrix meaning in hindi


data model in hindi


normalization in dbms in hindi


database administrator in hindi । DBA in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
codd's rule in rdbms in hindi - रिलेशनल डेटाबेस मैनेजमेंट सिस्टम


Foxpro commands in hindi - foxpro in hindi


trigger in dbms : ट्रिगर


acid properties in dbms - computers in hindi


Query Optimization in hindi - computers in hindi


what is server in hindi ? : सर्वर


windows NT in hindi - computers in hindi


What is LAN Manager ?(in hindi)

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
database system structure in hindi


limitations of dbms in hindi


database system structure in hindi


data abstraction in hindi


ansi sparc architecture of dbms


Entity types in DBMS


relationship in dbms in hindi


degree of relationship in dbms in hindi


relational model in hindi


relational data structure in dbms


authorization in dbms in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
SQL commands in hindi


data security and integrity


trigger meaning in hindi


privileges in dbms


file organization in dbms in hindi


types of file organization in hindi


data dictionary in dbms in hindi


Database storage and data dictionary in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
What is RAID in Hindi


storage access in dbms


functions of distributed database management system


centralized database system


object oriented database in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
what is EDI in hindi


threats in hindi


What is E-service


E commerce model in hindi


public key encryption in hindi


mobile computing in hindi


process model in hindi


Media convergence in hindi


What is Consumer process model?

Riya said...

computer generations in hindi

third generation of computer in hindi

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personal computer in hindi

data types in foxpro in hindi

what is ms access in hindi

what is data model in hindi

marketing information system in hindi

personal computer definition in hindi

Riya said...

word processing in hindi pdf

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word processing in hindi

Riya said...

꧁ঔৣ☬Rishi Gour☬ঔৣ꧂:
framework-of-e-commerce-in-hindi


what-is-firewall-in-hindi


e-commerce-application-in-hindi


what-is-switching-methods-in-hindi


token-ring-in-hindi


direct-memory-access-in-hindi


Full form of DMA in hindi


cellular-telephony-in-data-communication


networking-device-in-hindi


ad-hoc-network-in-hindi