27 June, 2005

हिन्दी कितने पानी में

पिछले दिनों मे अनायास ही हिन्दी से जुडी कई अच्छी खबरें हाथ लगीं । ये खबरें संकेत कर रहीं थीं कि हिन्दी निरन्तर विश्वव्यापी होती जा रही है । इससे उत्साहित होकर मैने कुछ और कोशिश की और बहुत सारी सामग्री इकट्ठी हो गयी । इनको आप सभी के अवलोकनार्थ प्रस्तुत कर रहा हूँ ।

हिन्दी बोलने-समझने वाले लोग
1) Hindi is the second most spoken language in the world, after Chinese. (This ranking comes from estimates from the CIA World Factbook for the year 2000)

About 500 million people speak Hindi, in India and abroad, and the total number of people who can understand the language may be 800 million.

A 1997 survey found that 66% of all Indians can speak Hindi, and 77% of the Indians regard Hindi as "one language across the nation".

Outside of India, Hindi speakers are 100,000 in the USA; 685,170 in Mauritius; 890,292 in South Africa; 232,760 in Yemen; 147,000 in Uganda; 5,000 in Singapore; 20,000 in New Zealand; 30,000 in Germany.

Urdu, the official language of Pakistan, is spoken by about 41 million in Pakistan and other countries. Hindi is a minority language in a number of countries, including Fiji, Mauritius, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and United Arab Emirates.

Hindi is becoming international language

Topic started by M Sundaran (@ on Thu May 8 11:53:29 . All times in EST +10:30 for IST.

Very few people in India are apposing Hindi but now Hindi is the most popular language in non-hindi speaking states of India. At the same time Hindi has become second language of UK as all the asians (including Sri Lankans) are using it as a link language. Same thing is happening in gulf countries. The Bollywood films are more popular than Hollywood films in the international market. No one can decrease the popularity of Hindi language as it is now not language of just north Indians.

हिन्दी टीवी

2) 70 to 85% of television news consumption in India is from Hindi Channels.

3) While English may be perceived as dominant language of TV , in south Asia , India's Hindi TV is the dominant language, transforming the neighbouring countries into little more than passive recipiants of Indian Hindi TV. [ Gateways of India’s Globalization ]

4) It is agreed that Hindi music generates higher ad revenue than English. “The new generation is fairly comfortable with all kinds of Hindi music which is why 80% of our content is in Hindi,” explains Channel [V] head honcho Amar Deb.

Music channels’ ad revenues playing at low key in 2004-05

5) The news channel boom is dominated by Hindi. Journalists today must either be bilingual, or perish .

Naturally, the pre-eminent language of television in India has to be Hindi. Entertainment channels like Zee realised this truth long ago, others (such as Star Plus) a little later. But news channels have woken up more recently .

G Krishnan, CEO of TV Today, recalls that when they thought of launching Aaj Tak, he faced large scale scepticism: "People felt Hindi was a bad idea. Why not English, they waid. But we said Hindi is understood and spoken by most Indians. So we would rather go for Hindi."

Why did it take so long for the People Who Matter to wake up and smell the chai? Perhaps because most of them were English-speaking. But today, English language journalists are cheerfully switching to Hindi - a good example is the number of English print journos who have joined the Hindi Star News. They realised that by going Hindi, they could reach out to a much, much larger audience than through English. They can become national stars overnight - not just stars in Delhi's India International Centre.

Says Arup Ghosh, who heads Sahara Samay, "I grew up in Lucknow and I'm fortunate that I'm bilingual and fluent in Hindi." Adds Ravina Raj Kohli, boss of the newly launched Star News channel, "Today you're dead if you're not bilingual."

Most importantly, it's okay to switch to Hindi, and it's terrific to be bilingual. So when did Hindi become 'okay'? When did it cease being 'vernac' and become hip? Says Kohli, "We used to sneer at songs like Kaliyon ka chaman. But today the Bappi Lahiri song is an international hit.

Most people send me SMSs in Hindi, though they may be in the Roman script." Recently, Amitabh Bachchan's class act in Kaun Banega Crorepati wowed everyone, English-wallahs, Hindi-wallahs, all.

6) Inventing our own model by VIR SANGHVI

Today’s TV scene looks something like this. The so-called international news channels that everyone predicted would dominate TV (BBC World and CNN) are watched so little that they don’t even show up on the charts. MTV, which has finally abandoned its reservations and gone filmi, only has a minor presence as does Channel V (neither makes much of a profit). The English-speaking elite watches Star News (on the Murdoch platform but produced by an Indian provider, NDTV) but even this successful channel does not approach the ratings of two Hindi news channels: Aaj Tak and Zee News.

In the world of entertainment, Star Plus, home of the family soap, reigns supreme, with something like 40 programmes in the top 50. So successful is the new Star Plus formula that the channel is debating whether or not to bring back KBC – perhaps it doesn’t need it any longer. Other channels are trying hard to replicate the Star Plus formula.

हिन्दी फ़िल्में और बालीवुड

7) Bollywood is not just an Indian but a global phenomenon. Our films have reached half the world - the middle east , all of Africa , all of russia , the far east and the Indian diaspora everywhere - the half the world that Hollywood has not yet recognised. -- Mira Nair

8) Bollywood films reach upto 3.6 billion people around the world - a billion more than audience for Hollywood.

9) Hindi movies get 40% revenue from international market.

10) Bollywood: An Introduction to Hindi Cinema

The Indian movie business is the largest and most popular in the world. Over 1000 films are released annually, the bulk of which are filmed in Hindi. It is the Hindi-language industry that has come to affectionately be known as 'Bollywood'. Each year, Bollywood sells up to a million more cinema tickets world-wide than Hollywood.

Its current numero uno star Shah Rukh Khan has over a billion fans. Legendary actor Amitabh Bachchan was recently voted 'Star of the Millennium' by BBC Online readers, ahead of Lawrence Olivier and Alec Guinness.

Despite little or no coverage from mainstream Western media, limited-release Hindi films can be found shooting up the US Top 20 and UK Top 10 box office charts. In fact, it is being said that Bollywood movies are now grossing more money in Britain than British films ..

11) Parineeta enters UK film top 10

The Bollywood film Parineeta has made it to the UK top 10 in its first week of release after a premiere last week at the IIFA weekend in Amsterdam.

Last year Bollywood films constituted 12% of all releases in the UK. In total the 55 Hindi movies grossed nearly £9million, putting them way ahead of other foreign languages and just short of total earnings by UK made films.

12) Popularity of Hindi Movies in Indonesia

13) Bollywood is utopian: German film buff - IndiaGlitz.com
Bollywood, said Wenner, is fast being recognized across Europe as a counter to Hollywood. "People really love the spectacle of Bollywood. The scale, the breadth is really magnificent and that is attracting more and more viewers.

14) Hindi films in Iraq and Palestine

The coming of the Americans has in fact lead to Hindi films doing a roaring business from Basra to Baghdad to the Kurdish areas of Erbil, in northern Iraq. Says Adil Hamid Kalaf, 47, "25 to 30 per cent of all films sold in Iraq are Hindi films. With the Americans coming in, salaries of the government officials has increased. And with so many development projects going on the people have more money than before to spend."

हिन्दी गाने , पाप , राक
15) Hindi is the primary language of entertainment, media and journalism in India. Bollywood films and songs have particularly popularized Hindi at home and abroad. Modern pop Hindi music is highly popular with Indians settled around the world, including in America, Canada, London, Fiji, Trinidad, parts of Africa, and many countries of the Middle East. Film music has almost become an identity shawl for overseas Indians, many of whom love to sing and dance at the tunes of Hindi songs on Indian cultural and national holidays.

16) Why Learn Hindi
Furthermore, Indian music is becoming increasingly influential in mainstream music in the United States, with elements from the language and traditional songs being integrated into songs by artists such as Sting, Missy Elliot, Redman, Shania Twain and Madonna.

हिन्दी प्रिन्ट माध्यम

17) NRS 2005: 'Jagran' topples 'Bhaskar' to claim top slot

The NRS readership figures for 2005 :

Top 10 Newspapers

1. Dainik Jagran (2.11 crores)

2. Dainik Bhaskar (1.73 crores)

3. Eenadu (1.13 crores)

4. Hindustan (1.05 crores)

5. Amar Ujala (1.03 crores)
6. Daily Thanthi (93.7 lakhs)

7. Lokmat (88.21 lakhs)

8. Rajasthan Patrika (86.28 lakhs)

9. Times of India (80.64 lakhs)

10. Anand Bazar Patrika (70.10 lakhs)

Top 10 Magazines

1. India Today Hindi (1.06 crores)

2. Saras Salil (1.05 crores)

3. India Today English (62.54 lakhs)

4. Kungumam (55.71 lakhs)

5. Kumudam (46.640 lakhs)

6. Sarita (41.82 lakhs)

7. Grihashobha (41.07 lakhs)

8. Swati (39.53 lakhs)

9. Meri Saheli (27.97 lakhs)

10. Ananda Vikatan (27.41 lakhs)

These rankings exclude malayalam mags. Outlook has a readership of 17.32 lakhs.

हिन्दी पुस्तकों का बाजार

18) In the Rs 5,000-crore (Rs 50 billion) books market, Hindi titles have the largest share with 28 per cent followed by 22 per cent for English.

इन्टरनेट पर हिन्दी

19) Le Projet Gutenberg

India and China are half the population of the world. Nobody paysattention. There will be so much of Chinese and Hindi on the Internet itwill look totally different.

20) Internet goes Desi... And you can help !

There are hints that today's internet age is finally turning the tables. Since 1998, more new non-English websites are coming up than are English ones. ...

...Things are changing faster than you think. Here is a website for a Hindi encyclopedia - except it expects you to write it. This is the Hindi Wikipedia - an encyclopedia that everyone can contribute to. Do you have a favourite topic, something you know about? Go ahead, help contribute the cause of knowledge in Hindi. ...

जैसे-जैसे भारत की आर्थिक स्थिति सुदृढ होती जा रही है , साक्षरता बढती जा रही है , साधन सुलभ होते जा रहे है । इनको देखते हुए यही अनुमान है कि वह दिन दूर नही है जब इन्टरनेट पर भी हिन्दी वैसे ही छा जायेगी जैसे और सब जगह छा रही है ।



मजा आ गया आपकी गोताखोरी देखकर. साधुवाद!

Unknown said...

अनुनाद जी, आपकी ये खबर देख कर अच्छा लगा। प्रश्न ये है कि हिन्दी माध्यम शिक्षा को हिन्दी के देश हिन्दुस्तान में कैसे बढ़ावा दिया जाये?

Atul Arora said...

साधुवाद है हमारी तरफ से भी।

रवि रतलामी said...

एक बार और बधाई, इन अच्छी खबरों को सामने लाने के लिए.

(पता नहीं क्यों कमेंट दो बार पोस्ट हो रहा है.

कृपया एक पोस्ट मिटा दें तथा कोष्ठक में लिखे इस वाक्य को भी)

Anonymous said...

Anunad Singhji,
Pratibhas se mera prichay is Hindi Divas par ek mitra ne karaya. Devanagari mein Hindi likh pane layk abhi kuchh sarthak download nahin kar paya hoon isliye Roman maein hi likhne ko vivash hoon. Asha hai sheeghra Devnagari mein likhne ka sadhan bhi mil jayega, Pratibhas ke madhyam se. Main Mumbai se hoon magar is samay videsh (Taiwan ) mein hoon aur Pratibhas ek badi upalabdhi ke roop mein mila hai. 'Hindi kitane paani mein' ki soochna bahut utsah vardhak hai. Is ke liye hardik abhinandan. Videshon mein Bollywood ki filmon ki VCD, DVD bade agrah se khareedi, dekhi jati hain. Magar yah bhi sach hai ki in ke jacket Angrezi mein hi hote hain. (Karan shayad yah ho ki Hindi smajhne wale bhi usey padh nahi pate. Magar Bollywood ke sare karyakram,Shows, Fim Festival , Award Functions adi kyon angrezi meiin hi sanchalit hote hain, unmein, ya kahin bhi, Hindi ke actors aur actresses kyon sirf angrezi mein bolte hain yah samajh nahin ata). Astu, aapke kamke liye sadhuvad ke saath yah pahla samvad-sampark samapt kar raha hoon.Itishubham.
--Dr.Vishwa Deva Sharma

अनुनाद सिंह said...

धन्यवाद डा शर्मा जी ।
आपकी भावनाएँ देखकर मुझे भी उत्साह मिल रहा है । आशा करता हूँ कि शीघ्र ही आप भी एक ब्लाग लिखना शुरू करेंगे । हिन्दी लिखने-पढने से सम्बन्धित कोई समस्या आये तो हम हिन्दी चिट्ठाकारों को अवश्य बतायें ।

संजय बेंगाणी said...

साधुवाद तमाम जानकारी उत्साह बढाने वाली है. हिन्दी की यह विकास यात्रा लोगो मे इसकी लोकप्रियता को दर्शाती है,जो कम से कम सरकारी हिन्दी दिवस मनाने से तो नही ही मिली है. मुझे आज भी इन्तजार है एक अदद सर्वमान्य हिन्दी कि-बोर्ड का.

jon said...

We are trying to find good download movie file to take the kids this weekend. Good download movie file reviews are hard to find

I just stumbled onto your blog while looking. Seems to happen to me a lot since I am a knowledge mooch LOL


Anonymous said...

हिन्दी पानी मे नही हॅ..........आसमान छऊऍगी!!!!!!!
Here's a link for those wishing to type in the world's seconf most popular lanuguage using an English keypad
-> http://demo.vishalon.net/HindiTypePad.htm

स्वप्निल said...

sir hindi ab bad nahi rahi h...bharat me chal rahe Enghish School hindi ki lipi ko roman me badal rahe hain. aur bachchon me ajeeb si heen bhavna bhi bhar rahe hain.

muje samaj nahi aata ki aapki aashayen kis tathay par aadharit hain. halaki asha k liye koe tthaya ki jaroorat nahi hoti.

me nirash hoon. kyonki schoolon me hindi ki sthithi kharav hai...

aapke priyason ko jankar achcha laga... dhanybad....

career said...

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